Disruption is fundamentally changing the way the world works. Today’s businesses, government and individuals are responding to shifts that would have seemed unimaginable even a few years ago.
Artificial intelligence and robotics are reinventing the workforce. Drones and driverless cars are transforming supply chains and logistics. And changing preferences and expectations – most notably in the millennial generation – are altering consumption patterns and demand for everything from cars to real estate.
Three primary forces drive this current wave of disruption: technology, globalization, and demographic change.
Technology – Advances in technology have been disrupting business models for centuries. In our lifetime, successive waves of the IT revolution (PC, online, mobile, social) have democratized data, empowered consumers and spawned scores of new industries. The next waves – the Internet of Things (IoT), virtual reality, AI, robotics – promise to be even more revolutionary.
Globalization – Thanks to trade liberalization and emerging market growth, globalization has accelerated in recent decades. These trends disrupt existing business models by creating new competitors, reordering supply chains and lowering price points. The next waves – including the emergence of Africa and a more multipolar world – will increase complexity and require flexible business models to respond to global shifts.
Demographics – In the decades ahead, relatively high birth rates will make Africa and India engines of economic opportunity. Aging populations will transform everything from health care to real estate, while millennial-dominated workforces will reinvent the workplace.